About Autism



Autism is a developmental disability that affects the way a person communicates and relates to people around him/ her.  Individuals with autism have difficulty in making sense of the things around them and are unable to relate to others in a meaningful way.

It is a neuro-developmental disorder affecting development in three fundamental domains:

  • Verbal and non-verbal communication
  • Social interaction skills
  • Repetitive behaviors

Autism Spectrum Disorder is recognized as a specified disability under The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2010.  No two persons who are on this spectrum are common.  Their disabilities manifest in different forms but the common feature is difficulty in social communication and interaction coupled with learning disabilities.

There are varying estimates of incidence of autism in India.  However, one thing that is very clear is that the incidence of autism has grown at a very rapid pace in recent years from 1 in 10000  to 10 in 1000 to 1 in less than 100 is what studies point to.  This shows phenomenal increase in cases of autism in India. Sadly, the commensurate infrastructure to deal with this menacing proportion has not kept pace.

In many cases persons with Autism  may have sensory, neurological and/or psychological problems. Although there are differences in characteristics of persons with Autism spectrum the severity of disabilities, there are common characteristics that are exhibited. Some of these are:

  • Developmental delays
  • Limited speech or communication
  • Trouble generalizing skills from one situation to the other
  • Difficulty in socializing/ interpersonal relationships
  • Have unusual sleep eating patterns
  • Withdrawn and isolated
  • Need support for activities of daily living, vocational, leisure etc.